Education in Pakistan

The article 25-A of Constitution obligates the state to "provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years" or from class 1 to class 10 (both girls and boys).

The educational development in Indo-Pakistan sub-continent during the British rule was limited to present day India, and the areas (now Pakistan) were relatively backward in education with literacy rate of only 15%. And the condition of countryside and women was even worse. At independence Pakistan had only one established university, the University of Punjab in Lahore, and few schools and colleges.

Different governments tried hard to improve the situation, but unfortunately education plans could not completely imposed/successful. However, now, Pakistan is successful in establishing internationally reputed educational institutes and universities. And there is a growing general awareness in Pakistani society of the importance of education to the society.

Literacy Rate
According to government documents, Pakistan's literacy rate (10 years & above) is improved to 60% in 2015 from 58% in 2014. And, the adult literacy rate (15 years & above) remains stagnant at 57%. The detailed literacy rate is given in the following table.

Pakistan Literacy Rate
MaleFemaleTotal
70%49%60%


Provincial Literacy Rate
ProviceMaleFemaleTotal
Punjab71%55%63%
Sindh70%49%60%
KPK71%35%53%
Balochistan61%25%44%

EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN
- Education in Pakistan | MCQs
- Education Development in Pakistan | MCQs
- Education: Vision-2025 | New Education Policy

Definition of being "literate"
Any person of age 10 and Above who can read a newspaper and write a simple letter, in any language.

Ministry of Education and Professional Training
Federal Education in Pakistan is overseen by Federal Ministry of Education and Professional Training, which was established in July, 2011. Currently, its minister of state is "Baligh-ur-Rehman".

Higher Education Commission (HEC)
University level education is overseen by Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan which was established in 2002. Currently its chairman is "Prof. Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed".



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